Agriotherium (Agriotherium Wagner, 1837)
Size: 2.5 m in length, 165 cm in height, 600 kg of weight
Time period: the Miocene - Pleistocene (North America, Europe, Africa, and Asia).
Typical representative: Agriotherium africanum Hendey, 1980
Agriotherium is an extinct genus of Ursidae of the Miocene through Pleistocene epochs, endemic to North America, Europe, Africa, and Asia living from ~13.6–2.5 Ma, existing for approximately . Agriotherium was about 2.7 metres in body length, making it larger than most living bears. Except for the extinct subspecies of modern polar bear Ursus maritimus tyrannus and Arctotherium , Agriotherium was along with the short-faced bear, Arctodus simus the largest member of terrestrial Carnivora. It had dog-like crushing teeth. Its primary diet was carnivorous and secondary was omnivorous possibly classifying this animal as mesocarnivore. With a body mass greater than most large ungulates (horses, bovines, camelids, and rhinoceroses), it is probable that Agrotherium could have preyed on these.