Bramatherium (Bramatherium Falconer, 1845)
Temporal range: during the Late Miocene (Asia)
Dimensions: length - 3,4 m, height - 2,3 m, weight - 450 kg
A typical representative: Bramatherium perimense Falconer 1845
Bramatherium is a species of Sivatheria with very unusual horns. Sivatheria (Sivatherium) normally developed very large rear ossicones, while Bramatheria – frontal. Most probably, these horns had a demonstration function; however, it is possible that they were used in males’ duels, with their solid bases and rear pair directed sideways.
Bramatheria were very large Ungulata reaching 2.5 m in withers height, with relatively short legs and neck. They inhabited dry savannas and sparse forests, feeding on branches and leaves of trees and bushes.