Gigantopithecus (Gigantopithecus von Koenigswald, 1935)
Temporal range: during the Late Miocene - Midle Pleistocene epoch in Asia (1.8 mya - 400 years ago)
Dimensions: height - 300 сm, weight - 150 - 500 kg
A typical representative: Gigantopithecus blacki von Koenigswald, 1935
Gigantopithecus was a genus of ape that existed from 1 to 5 million years ago in what is today the countries of China and India. The fossil record suggests that the Gigantopithecus species were the largest apes that ever lived. It was a quadruped and an herbivore and probably had a diet that consisted primarily of bamboo. Although it is not known why Gigantopithecus died out, researchers believe that climate change and resource competition with better adapted species were the main reasons.
Based on the slim fossil evidence, Gigantopithecus was likely near ten feet tall and weighed from 150 - 500 kg — 2 to 3 times larger than gorillas, although its closest living relatives are the orangutans. Some cryptozoologists have claimed that a race of gigantopithecines are the legendary primates known in various geographic locations as Bigfoot, Yeren or Yeti.