Samotherium (Samotherium boissieri Forsyth-Major, 1889)
Time period: during the Miocene and Pliocene of Eurasia and Africa (13.82 - 2.58 mya)
Dimensions: length - 3-4 m, height - 1.9-2.3 m, weight - 300-650 kg
Typical representative: Samotherium boissieri
Samotherium (''the beast of Samos'') is an extinct genus of Giraffidae from the Miocene and Pliocene of Eurasia and Africa. Samotherium had two ossicones on its head, and long legs. The ossicones usually pointed upward, and were curved backwards, with males having larger, more curved ossicones, though, in the Chinese species, S. sinense, the straight ossicones point laterally, not upwards. The genus is closely related to Shansitherium.